WAWASAN BARU KAJIAN ASBĀB AL-NUZŪL (Analisis Terhadap Pemikiran M. Amin Abdullah)

Muhammad Anshori

Abstract


This paper Examined one of the main themes in the Ulumul Qur'an study that is asbāb al-nuzūl. The Qur'an is a Divine kalam which was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad who lived in the midst of an Arab society that had its own traditions and culture. Because it could be said that the Qur'an is not born from a vacuum of culture, it was closely related to the surrounding environment. To know the circumstances in which the Qur'an was revealed, it is necessary to know asbāb al-nuzūl. In Ulumul Qur'an's classic literature, the study of science was highly prioritized because it helped in understanding the verses of the Qur'an. One of the interesting figures in studying asbāb al-nuzūl is M. Amin Abdullah. He divides the term into two: asbāb al-nuzūl al-qadīm and asbāb al-nuzūl al-jadīd. The first term refers to classical clerical studies that are only oriented to the past as they are found in the books of Ulumul Qur'an. Asbāb al-nuzūl al-qadīm is considered incapable of explaining the problems of the present so there must be a study of asbāb al-nuzūl al-jadīd. This term is one form of contextual study of the verses of the Qur'an to be more relevant and able to answer the problem of the present. Although Amin Abdullah's study has not been comprehensive but he has tried to develop a contemporary Qur'anic study with a new version. Between asbāb al-nuzūl al-qadīm and asbāb al-nuzūl al-jadīd must be coupled simultaneously in order to create a complete understanding of the Qur'an.

Keywords


Ulumul Qur’an, Asbāb al-nuzūl, kontekstual, M. Amin Abdullah

Full Text:

PDF

References


bdullah, M. Amin, Studi Agama: Normativitas atau Historisitas?, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, cet-V, 2011

-------------Falsafah Kalam di Era Postmoderanisme, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, cet-IV, 2009.

-------------Islamic Studies di Perguruan Tinggi: Pendekatan Integratif Interkonektif, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, cet-III, 2012.

-----------Metode Kontemporer dalam Tafsir Al-Qur’an: Kesalingterkaitan Asbab al-Nuzul al-Qadim dan al-Jadid dalam Tafsir al-Qur’an Kontemporer, dalam Jurnal Studi Ilmu-ilmu Al-Qur’an dan Hadis, Vol. 03, No. 0, Januari 2012, Yogyakarta: Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2012

Abū Zaid, Naṣr Ḥāmid Mafhūm al-Naṣṣ: Dirāsah fī Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Beirut: Markaz al-Ṡaqāfī al-Arabī, cet-V, 2008.

Armas, Adnin, Metodologi Bibel dalam Studi Al-Qur’an: Kajian Kritis, Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, cet-III, 1428 H/2007 M.

Shiddieqy-Ash, Hasbi, Sejarah dan Pengantar Ilmu al-Qur’an/Tafsir, Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, cet-XI, 1987 M

Baidan,Nashruddin, Wawasan Baru Ilmu Tafsir, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, cet-II, 2011.

Hidayat, Komaruddin, Menafsirkan Kehendak Tuhan, Jakarta: Teraju, cet-II, 2004.

Ismā’īl, Muḥammad Bakar, Dirāsah fī Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Kairo: Dār al-Manār, cet-I, 1411 H/1991 M.

Itr, Nūruddīn, Ulūm al-Qur’ān al-Karīm, Damaskus: Maṭba’ah al-Ṣabāḥ, cet-I, 1414 H/1993 M.

Khaṭīb-Al, Muḥammad Ajjāj, Uṣūl al-Ḥadīṡ Ulūmuhu wa Muṣṭalaḥuhu, Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, cet-III, 1395 H/1975 M

Minhaji, Akh. Sejarah Sosial dalam Studi Islam: Teori, Metodologi dan Implementasi, edisi revisi, Yogyakarta: Suka Press, cet-II, 2013.

Mustaqim, Abdul, Epistemologi Tafsir Kontemporer, Yogyakarta: LKiS, cet-I, 2010.

Muḥammad Ya’qūb, Ṭāhir Maḥmūd, Asbāb al-Khaṭa’ fī al-Tafsīr: Dirāsah Ta’ṣīlīyah, j-I, al-Mamlakah al-Arabīyah al-Su’ūdīyah: Dār Ibn al-Jauzī, cet-I, 1425 H.

Qaṭṭān-al, Mannā’ Khalīl Mabāḥiṡ fī Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Kairo: Maktabah Wahbah, t. th.

Qāḍī-Al, Abdul Fattāḥ, Asbāb al-Nuzūl an al-Ṣaḥābah wa al-Mufassirīn, Kairo: Dār al-Salām li al-Ṭibā’ah wa al-Nasyr wa al-Tauzī’ wa al-Tarjamah, cet-IV, 1433 H/2012 M.

Muhammad Anshori Wawasan Baru Kajian Asba>b al-Nuzu>l | 67

QOF: Jurnal Studi Al-Qur’an dan Tafsir Vol. 2, No. 1 2018

Rāgib al-Aṣfahānī, Abū al-Qāsim al-Ḥusain bin Muḥammad bin Mufaḍḍhal, Mu’jam Mufradāt Alfāzh al-Qur’ān, dengan pentaḥqīq Ṣafwān Adnān Dāwūdī, Damaskus: Dār al-Qalam, cet-IV, 1430 H/2009 M.

Rahman,Fazlur Islam and Modernity: Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1984.

--------------Islamic Methodology in History, Pakistan: Islamic Research Institute, 1995.

--------------Revival and Reform in Islam: A Study of Islamic Fundamentalism, ed. Ebrahim Moosa, Oxford: One World, 2000.

Sabt, Khālid bin Uṡmān, Qawā’id al-Tafsīr: Jam’an wa Dirāsah, j-I, KSA: Dār Ibn Affān, 1421 H.

Saeed, Abdullah Interpreting the Qur’an: Toward a Contemporary Approach, London and New York: Routledge, cet-I, 2006.

Ṣāliḥ, Ṣubḥī, Mabāḥiṡ fī Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Beirut: Dār al-Ilmi li al-Malāyīn, cet-XVII, 1988.

Suyūṭī-al, Jalāluddīn Abū al-Faḍl Abdurraḥmān bin Abū Bakr, al-Itqān fī Ulūm al-Qur’ān, ditashih dan ditakhrij oleh Muḥammad Sālim Hāsyim, Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-Ilmīyah, cet-IV, 1433 H/2012 M.

----------- Lubāb al-Nuqūl fī Asbāb Nuzūl, Riyāḍ: Maktabah Riyāḍ al-Ḥadīṡah, t. th.

Wādaī-Al, Muqbil bin Hādī, al-Ṣaḥīḥ al-Musnad min Asbāb al-Nuzūl, Beirut: Dār Ibn Ḥazm li al-Ṭibā’ah wa al-Nasyr wa al-Tauzī’, cet-II, 1415 H/1994 M.

Zamakhsyarī, al-, Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmūd bin Umar, al-Kasysyāf an Ḥaqāiq Gawāmiḍ al-Tanzīl wa Uyūn al-Aqāwīl, J-VI, ditaḥqīq dan dita’līq oleh Ādil Aḥmad Abdul Maujūd dan Alī Muḥammad Mu’awwad, Riyāḍ: Maktabah al-Ῑdukān, cet-I, 1418 H/1997.

Zarkasyī, Abū Abdillāh Badruddīn Muḥammad bin Abdullāh, al-Burhān fī Ulūm al-Qur’ān dengan pentaḥqīq Muḥammad Abū al-Faḍl Ibrāhīm, j-I, Kairo: Dār al-Turāṡ, t. th.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


__________________
Sekretariat Jurnal QOF

Rumah Jurnal IAIN Kediri: Jalan Sunan Ampel No.7, Ngronggo, Kecamatan Kota Kediri, Kediri, Jawa Timur, 64129, Indonesia
Telp. (+62354) 689282, Fax. (+62354) 686564
HP. +62856-4577-7706, +62856-4930-3346
jurnalqof@stainkediri.ac.id

Creative Commons License
QOF: Jurnal Studi Al-Qur'an dan Tafsir 
disebarluaskan di bawah lisensi Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.