Strategi Dakwah Gerakan Nurcu Pada Masa Pemerintahan Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Mevy Eka Nurhalizah, Jamaluddin Syakirin

Abstract


This paper aims to describe the da’wa strategy of the Nurcu movement in the dynamics of ideologies in Turkey during Erdogan's reign, as well as its correlation with Al-Madkhal Ila Ilmi Dakwah's book by Al Bayanuni.The existence of the three ideologies that developed in Turkey, namely Islamism, western ideology, and nationalism, is still developing today. Various reforms and branches of each movement have colored the socio-political life in Turkey. One example of being part of a reformer is the Nurcu Movement, which is part of the Islamism group. This movement was led by Bediuzzaman Said Nursi with his monumental work entitled Risale-i Nur (Faiz, 2017). Said Nursi was one of the figures who initiated resistance to government policies during the Ataturk era. The resistance carried out by Nursi did not use weapons, but with a different da'wah strategy This paper is a literature study, with a historical analysis approach to the Nurcu Movement in Turkey through the work of other relevant researchers. The study results show that the da’wa strategy used by the Nurcu movement is persuasive, logic, and dialogue. In addition, the Nurcu movement also used three da’wa strategies according to Al-Bayanunni namely al-athifi, al-aqly, and al-hissi. This movement spread its da'wa by entering into five fields, namely social, journalist, media, education and economics. The preaching strategy of the Nurcu movement can be said to be successful because it is able to survive and continue to exist today

Keywords


Da’wa; Erdogan; Nurcu; Strategy; Turkey.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agai, Bekim. (2003). “The Gülen Movement’s Islamic Ethic of Education”, dalam M. Hakan Yavuz dan John L. Esposito (eds.). Turkish Islam and the Secular State: the Gülen Movement. New York: Syracuse University Press.

Al-Bayanuni (2001). Muhammad. Al-Madkhal Ila Ilmi Dakwah. Ar-risalah Beirut.

Algar, Hamid. (1979). Said Nursi and the Risale-i Nur: An Aspect of Islam in Contemporary Turkey. Islamic Perspective-Studies in Honor of Sayyid Abul Ala Mawdudi. 313-333

Althusser, Louis.(1972). Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essay. London: NLB.

Anshari, M.Hafi. (1993). Pemahaman dan Pengamalan Dakwah. Surabaya: Al-Ikhlas.

Armstrong, William (2013, Januari 9). Zaman Circulation Figures The Gulen Effect. Retrived 10 November 2019, from https://armstrongwilliam.wordpress.com/2013/01/09/zamans-circulation-figures-the-Gülen-effect/

Arslan, Berna. (2009). Pious Science: The Gülen Community and the Making of a Conservative Modernity in Turkey. Santa Cruz: Disertasi Universitas California

Aziz, Moh Ali. (2015). Ilmu Dakwah. Surabaya: Kencana.

Bachtiar, Anis. (2005). Islamisme, Westernisme dan Nasionalisme:Tinjauan Sosiologis Tiga Aliran Pembaharuan di Turki. Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman . Vol 14 (1), 1-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33367/tribakti.v14i1.6

Berkes, Niyazi. (1983). The Development of Seculerism in Turkey. Cambridge: University Press.

Bernard, Phyllis E. (2015). “The Hizmet Movement in Business, Trade, and Commerce”, dalam Martin E. Marty (ed.) Hizmet Means Service. Oakland, CA: University of California Press.

Caki, Fahri. (2001). New Social Classes and Movement in the Context of Politico-Economic Development in Contemporary Turkey. Disertasi - The Temple University

Carroll, B. Jill. (2007). A Dialogue of Civilizations. Gulen’s Islamic Ideals and Humanistic Discourse. New Jersey: The Light.

Effendi, Onong Uchjana. (1993). Ilmu, Teori dan Filasafat Komunikasi. CitraAditya Bakti: Bandung.

Faiz, Muhammad. (2017). Risalah Nur dan Gerakan Tarekat di Turki: Peran Said Nursi Pada Awal Pemerintahan Republik”. Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat. XIV (1), 23-46

Gulen, Fethullah. (2004). Key Concepts in the Practice of Sufism: Emerald Hills of the Heart. NJ: The Fountain.

Hidayatullah. (2018, Juni 26). Ini Faktor Kemenangan Erdogan Menurut Pengamat. Retrieved Desember 3, 2019, from https://www.hidayatullah.com/berita/nasional/read/2018/06/26/144755/ini-faktor-kemenangan-erdogan-menurut-pengamat.html

Husnia, Yuli. (2017). Strategi Dakwah Dr. Zakir Naik. Lampung : Sarjana Komunikasi dan Penyiaran Islam Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung.

Junaedi, Ahmad. (2016). Kebijakan Politik Recep Tayyip Erdogan dan Islamisme Turki Kontemporer. Jurnal Agama dan Hak Asasi Manusia. 6 (1). 145- 200

Khamami, Akhmad Rizqon. (2018). Paradigma Dakwah Islam Fethullah Gulen di Abad Kontemporer. Jurnal Studi Keislaman. 12 (2), 358-383

Khamami, Akhmad Rizqon. (2012). Dialog Antar Iman dalam Perspektif Fethullah Gulen. Jurnal Religio: Jurnal Studi Agama-Agama. Vol. 2 no. 1.

Kuru, Zeynep Akbulut dan Kuru, Ahmet T. (2008). Apolitical Interpretation of Islam: Said Nursi’s Faith-Based Activism in Comparison with Kontribusi Gerakan Nurcu. Political Islamism and Sufism, Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations. 19 (1).

Mardin, Serif. (1991). The Naksibendi Order in Turkish History. Dalam Ricard Tapper (Eds.), Islam In Modern Turkey: Religion, Politics, and Literature in a Secular State, (pp. 122–125). New York: Martin’s Press.

Nursi, Said. (2011). Sirah Dhatiyah. Kairo: Syarikat Sozler.

Sakallioglu, Umit Cizre. (1996). Parameters and Strategies of Islam-State Interaction in Republican Turkey, International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 28 (2), 231-251

Sani, Abdul. (1998). Lintasan Sejarah Pemikiran: Perkembangan Modern dalam Islam. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Sanjaya, Wina. (2006). Strategi Pembelajaran (Berorientasi Standar Proses Pendidikan). Jakarta: Kencana.

Syukir, Asmuni. (1983). Dasar-dasar Strategi Dakwah Islam. Surabaya: Al-Ikhlas.

Taufiqurrahman. (2009). Sejarah Sosial Masyarakat Islam. Surabaya: Pustaka Islamika.

Turner, Colin. (t.th). “I Seek Refuge in God from Satan and Politics...” A Nursian Perspective on the Role of Religion in State and Society”, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, t.th. http://www.bediuzzamansaid nursi.org/en/icerik/i-seek-refug, diakses 29 November 2019

Vahide, Sukran. (2007). Biografi Intelektual Bediuzzaman Said Nursi: Transformasi Dinasti Usmani Menjadi Republik Turki. Anatolia.

Yatim, Badri. (2006). Sejarah Peradaban Islam. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Yavuz, Hakan. (2003). The Gülen movement: The Turkish puritans. dalam Hakan Yavuz and John L. Esposito (eds.), Turkish Islam and the Secular State: the Gülen Movement. New York: Syracuse University Press.

Zubaidi, Sujiat. (2015). Tafsir Kontemporer Bediuzzaman Said Nursi dalam Risale-i Nur, Studi Konstruk Epistemologi. Surabaya: Disertasi Doktoral Ilmu Keislaman Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30762/mediakita.v5i2.3616

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.30762/mediakita.v5i2.3616.g1537

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lisensi Creative Commons
Mediakita oleh IAIN Kediri dilisensikan di bawah Lisensi Internasional Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 .
Berdasarkan sebuah karya di http://jurnal.iainkediri.ac.id/index.php/mediakita .

Lihat Statistik Saya

 

Diindeks Oleh :

  database penelitiandatabase penelitian

 

-------------------------:

Tandai Penghitung