MAQĀṢID AL-QUR’AN AL-GHAZALI DALAM KITAB SIRĀJ AL-ṬĀLIBĪN KARYA SYEKH IḤSĀN AL-JAMPESI

Cholid Ma'arif

Abstract


This article talked about maqÄá¹£id al-Qur’Än on exegesis worked by Syaikh Ihsan Jampes, aspecially toward some verses at book of SirÄj aá¹­-ṬÄlibá¿‘n vol. II. There are three questions should be answered; about the type of Quranic-exegesis, the operational process of Maqasid Alquran, and finally the main theme of Maqasid Alquran on the book of SirÄj aá¹­-ṬÄlibá¿‘n vol. II. By using study of  library-research and descriptive-analysis writing, automatically the researcher made those verses as object of material and the book as primary-object soon the other books as secondary, such as book of  JawÄhir al-Qur’Än worked by al-Ghazali. The results of this research were; firstly, the book of  SirÄj al-ṬÄlibá¿‘n uses type of tafsir isyari just to explain the majority exegesis of those verses within. Secondly, by modeling of maqÄá¹£id al-Qur’Än arranged by al-Ghazali, the researcher found at least 80 main-verses on the book of SirÄj al-ṬÄlibá¿‘n, which is talking about knowing of Allah and the prophetic-wisdom are more dominate themes than about life of mankind. Thirdly, the implication of those, there are two big groups of  maqÄá¹£id following maqÄá¹£id al-Qur’Än of al-Ghazali; monotheism-eschatology, and wellness during other themes such as morality, wisdom, Islamic science, and prosperity of mankind. Four of these big themes bring to some understanding that the main maqÄá¹£id al-Qur’Än on the book of SirÄj aá¹­-ṬÄlibá¿‘n is the wellness (kemaslahatan) on the world and hereafter for all mankind. 


Keywords


Maqāṣid al-Qur’ān, exegesis, verses, maslahah

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afifuddin Dimyathi, Muhammad, Dr.,Lc., MA, Ilmu at Tafsir; Ushuluhu wa Manahijuhu. Sidoarjo; Penerbit Lisan Arabi, 2016.

Amal, Taufik Adnan. Rekonstruksi Sejarah Al-Qur’an, Jakarta: Pustaka Alvabet, 2013.

Arifin, Moch, Penafsiran Al-Qur’an KH. Ihsan Jampes; Studi Intertektualitas dalam Kitab Siraj al-Talibin, Jurnal Al- Itqan, vol. 1. 2015.

Arkoun, Mohammed, Nalar Islami dan Nalar Modern; Berbagai Tantangan dan Jalan Baru, terj. Rahayu S. Hidayat. Penerbit INIS: Jakarta, 1994.

Audah, Jaser, Al-Maqasid Untuk Pemula, terj. ‘Ali ‘Abdelmon’im (Yogyakarta: Suka Press, 2013.

------------------, Naqd Nazariyat al Naskh; Bahth fi Fiqh Maqasid al Shari’ah,. Beirut: Al Shabkah al ‘Arabiyah li al Abhath wa al Nashr, 2013.

------------------, Membumikan Hukum Islam Melalui Maqasid Syariah, (Bandung: PT Mizan Pustaka, 2015)

Aziz, Husein, Kiai Ihsan; Potret Tasawuf Nusantara, dalam Abdul Wasid, Tasawuf Nusantara Kiai Ihsan Jampes. Surabaya: Pustaka Idea, 2016.

`Asri (al), Muhammad Nashif, Al Fikr al Maqasidi ‘Inda al Imam Malik: wa ‘Alaqatuhu bi al Munadhirat al Ushuliyah wa al Fiqhiyyah fi al Qarni al Tsani al Hijri. Kairo: Markaz at Turaz al Tsaqafi al Maghribi, 2008.

Bashá¿‘r ShammÄm (al), MaqÄá¹£id al-Shará¿‘`ah al-IslÄmiyyah wa `AlÄqatihÄ bi al- MabÄhith al-Lughawiyyah. Tunisia: al-Shirkah al-TÅ«nisiyyah li al-Nashr wa Tanmiyyah FunÅ«n al-Rasm, 2013.

Dhahabi (al), Muḥammad Husain, al-Tafsīr wa ’l-Mufassirūn, Juz I. Kairo: Maktabah Wahbah, 2000.

Ghazali (al), Muḥammad Kayfa Nata`Ämal Ma’a Alqur’Än. Mesir: Dar al-Wafa, 1990.

Jampesi (al), Syaikh Ihsan, Siraj at Talibin Sharh Minhaj al ‘Abidin juz 2. tp: Dar al-Fikr, tt.

Khadimiy (al), Nur al Din Mukhtar, Al Ijtihad al Maqasidiy: Hujjiyatuhu Dhawabituhu Majalatuhu. Qatar: Kementerian Wakaf dan Urusan Islam, 1997.

Qahtani (al), Musfir bin ‘Ali, al-Wa’y al Maqasidi Qira’ah Mu’asirah li al-‘Aml bi Maqasid al Shari’ah fi Manahi al Hayahâ€, Beirut: al Shabakah al ‘Arabiyyah li al Abhath wa an Nashr, 2013.

Qurthubi (al), Imam, Al-Jami‟ li Ahkaam al-Qur‟an, Jilid I, Alih bahasa Fathurrahman, Ahmad Hotib, Nasirul Haq, xvii

Raysuni (al), Ahmad, Maqasid al Maqasid: al Ghayat al ‘Ilmiyyah wa al ‘Amaliyyah li Maqasid al Shari’ah. Beirut: al Shabakah al ‘Arabiyyah li al Abhath wa al-Nashr, 2013.

Tusi (al), Imam Abu al-ḤÄmid al-GhazÄli, JawÄhir al-Qur’Än. Beirut: Dar al-IḥyÄ al-`UlÅ«m, 1986.

Yubi (al), Muḥammad Sa’d bin Aḥmad Mas’ud, MaqÄá¹£id al-Sharῑ’ah al-IslÄmiyyah: Wa ‘AlÄqatuhÄ bi al-Adillah al-Shar’iyyah. Riyadh: Dar al- Hijrah li al-Nasr wa al-Tawzi’, 1998.

Zarkashi (al), Badr al-DÄ«n. al-BurhÄn fi ‘UlÅ«m al-Qur’Än, tahqiq Ahmad Ali. Qahirah: DÄr al-ḤadÄ«th, 2006.

Zarqani (al), Muḥammad `Abdul `Aẓῑm, ManÄḥil al-`IrfÄn fi `UlÅ«m al-Qur’Än. Kairo: DÄr al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyyah, 2003. vol. 2, 14

Bakir, Moh,.“Konsep Maqasid Al-Qur’an Perspektif Badi’ al-Zaman Sa’id Nursiâ€, Jurnal El-Furqonia, 1. 2015. 4.

Bizawie, Zainul Milal, Masterpiece Islam Nusantara: Sanad dan Jejaring Ulama Santri Periode tahun 1830-1945. Ciputat: Pustaka Compas, 2016.

Halil Thahir, Ahmad, Ijtihad Maqasidi: Rekonstruksi Hukum Islam Berbasis Interkoneksitas Maslahah. Yogyakarta: Penerbit LkiS, 2015.

Hamidiy, Abdul Karim, Madkhal Ila Maqasid al-Qur’an. Riyadh: Maktabah al-Rusyd, 2007.

Goldziher, Ignaz, Madzhab Tafsir; Dari Klasik Hingga Modern. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Elsaq, 2010.

Haq, Hamka, Al Syathibi: Aspek Teologis Konsep Maslahah dalam Kitab al-Muwafaqat. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga, 2007.

Jawwas, Mursyid, “Jejak Maqashid Al-Syari‘Ah Di Nusantara: Melacak FuqahÄ‘ Berbasis Maqashid Al-Syari’ah Dan Hasil Ijtihadnyaâ€, Conference Proceedings – ARICIS I, 155

Kodir, Faqihuddin Abdul, Qira’ah MubÄdalah: Tafsir Progresif Untuk Keadilan Gender dalam Islam. Yogyakarta: Ircisod, 2019.

Manzur, Ibnu. LisÄn al-Arab. Beirut: Dar-Al-Ma’rifah, 1979.

Mustaqim, Abdul, Tafsir Jawa; Eksposisi Nalar Shufi-Isyari Kiai Sholeh Darat. Yogyakarta: Idea Press, 2018.

-----------------------. Dinamika Sejarah Tafsir Al-Qur’an; Studi Aliran-aliran Tafsir dari Periode Klasik, Pertengahan hingga Modern Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Idea Press, 2016. .

-----------------------. Metode Penelitian Alqur’an dan Tafsir. Yogyakarta: Idea Press, 2015.

Sabil, Jabbar, “Dinamika Teori Maqasidâ€, Jurnal Ilmiah Islam Futura, 02. 2011, 41. Samsuddin, Sahiron. Hermeneutika dan Pengembangan Ulumul Quran. Yogyakarta: Nawesea Press, 2017.

Wasid, Ahmad, SS, Tasawuf Nusantara Kiai Ihsan Jampes;Menggapai Jalan Ma’rifat Harmoni Umat. Surabaya: Pustaka Idea, 2016.

Wijaya, Aksin, “Teori Interpretasi Al-Qur’an Ibnu Rusyd; Kritik Ideologis-Hermeneutisâ€. Yogyakarta; Penerbit LKiS, 2009.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30762/qof.v4i1.1525

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

__________________
QOF Journal Secretariat

Sunan Ampel Street No.7, Ngronggo, Kediri, East Java, 64129, Indonesia.
Map Coordinate: Lat -7.8467028" Long 112.0248149,21"
Creative Commons License
QOF Journal by IAIN Kediri
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Indexed in
     Moraref    Base 

orcid.org/0000-0002-6276-989X